Introduction

Introduction

  • Plastic waste is not homogenous. Different types of plastics demand special attention from a waste management point of view.
  • Most commonly found plastics in rural & urban areas (polythene bags, bottles, etc.) are thermoplastics. They are relatively easy to recycle but difficult to collect viably at scale given the low density in rural areas.
  • Plastics in India are produced by over 3,000 units, 90-95% of them being small-scale informal entities. This proves it challenging to enforce quality standards and recycling processes.
  • 35% of plastic consumption is in packaging, and 23% is in building and construction. Other relevant categories are transport (8%), electronics (8%) and agriculture (7%). Consumption of plastics in consumer goods is growing at an alarming rate, and much of this growth is likely to be rooted in rural areas.